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Saturday, May 23, 2015

陈炳老师入室弟子概况之白承哲



白承哲(BOSCO BAEK),韩国人,旅居美国,1978年生。自幼喜爱武术,对中国传统陈氏太极拳尤其喜爱,自2000年5月起开始跟随陈炳老师学习陈氏太极拳,2002至2005年间,每年都到陈家沟学习深造,2005年12月25日正式拜入陈炳老师门下,成为陈氏太极拳第十三代传人。师门排行第10







Thursday, April 23, 2015

Lineage of Chen Family Taijiquan

Lineage of Chen Family Taijiquan

The Seven Dragons of the 20th generation of the Chen Family
1.   First Dragon, Chen Bing (1971  present)
Only son of Chen Yonghe (older brother of Grandmaster Chen Xiaowang and Chen Xiaoxing)
2.    Second Dragon, Chen Jun (1972  present)
Eldest son of Grandmaster Chen Xiaowang
3.    Third Dragon, Chen Yingjun (1976  present)
Second son of Grandmaster Chen Xiaowang
4.    Fourth Dragon, Chen Ziqiang (1977  present)
Eldest son of Grandmaster Chen Xiaoxing
5.    Fifth Dragon, Chen Zijun (1980  present)
Youngest son of Grandmaster Chen Xiaoxing
6.    Sixth Dragon, Chen Pengfei (1988 - present)
Youngest son of Grandmaster Chen Xiaoxing
7.    Seventh Dragon, Chen Shiwu (1994  present)
Only son of Master Chen Yu



From the left side, a chart of the direct descendants shows the 19rh generation master Chen Yu, 20th generation master Chen Bing, Chen Jun, Chen Yinjun, Chen Ziqiang, Chen Zijun, Chen Pengfei and Chen Shiwu. They are direct descendants of the lineage of Chen Fake  Chen Zhaoxu and showing outstanding abilities for the future of Chen family Taijiquan.

1st generation, Chen Bu (1368 N/A)
Chen Bu who lived in the beginning of Ming Dynasty (Hongwu Emperor) was considered the first progenitor of Chen family as a great martial artist. After he migrated from Shanxi to Henan province, he left Usage and control of Yin and Yang in the body and Digestion of food to his sons, which his descendants could develop and create Taijiquan based upon his theories. When he was alive, he was given the name of the almighty martial artist of the present generation and defeated banditti of Qingfengling (Green-Wind mountain).

9th generation, Chen Wangting (1600-1680)
Chen Wangting invented Chen Taijiquan systems from his vast knowledge of past generations, other Chinese gongfu and heritage. He is considered the founder of Taijiquan that is the oldest form.

14th generation, Chen Changxing (1771-1853)
Chen Changxing who wrote three books of Taijiquan- Ten Disciplines of Taijiquan, Usage and Poems of Taijiquan, Taijiquan Fighting- is considered a founder of modern Taijiquan because he recreated his ancestors knowledge. He modified Chen Wang Tings curriculums in clear routines as known as Laojia Yilu and Erlu(old frame frist road and second road.) Chen Changxing is the first Chen master who taught an outsider, Yang Luchan. Yang Luchan is the founder of Yang Taijiquan.

16th generation, Chen Xin (1849-1929)
To explain his familys knowledge to the world, Chen Xin spent 12 years to write Explanatory Diagram of Chen Taijiquan which consists of 4 books. By this work, Chen Taijiquans secret and training experiences were shown clearly. In this work, Chen Xin explains Chen Taijiquan based on Silk Reeling Energy by meridian pathways and a paradox. This work became one of the most important materials of Chen Taijiquan theory and he also wrote Chen Family Genealogy and Three-three-six fist arts.

17th generation, Chen Fake (1887-1957)
Chen Fake was the official representative of the 17th generation. He is called a Quan Shen (Martial Saint). He went to Beijing to teach Chen Taijiquan because of his newphew, Chen Zhaopeis request. He taught Chen Taijiquan in Beijing during 1929-1957. His teaching rendered great service to Chen Taijiquan's development and spread. He had famous disciples such as Gu Liuxin, Liu Ruizhan, Tang Hao, Li Jinwu, Li Mumin, Hong Junsheng, Feng Zhiqiang, Chen Zhaokui and Tian Xiuchen. He had two sons and one daughter- Chen Zhaoxu, Chen Zhaokui and Chen Yuxia. In his old age, he changed some elements and taught 83 forms as known as Xinjia Yilu and Erlu (new frame first road and second road.) All Chen Taijiquan forms that now we practice were from him including Laojia and Xinjia. 

18th generation, Chen Zaopei (1893-1972)
Chen Zhaopei learned Laojia from Chen Fake and devoted his life to teaching and preserving the Chens art. He taught Laojia and Chens weapons to the Four Buddhas warriors : Chen Xiaowang, Wang Xian, Zhu Tiancai and Chen Zhenglei. He wrote Origin of Chen Taijiquan. He is considered the most devoted master who could continue the Chen family's tradition in Chenjiagou.

18th generation Chen Zhaoxu, (1911-1960)
Chen Zhaoxu was the eldest son of grandmaster Chen Fake. He was a father of Chen Yonghe, Chen Xiaowang and Chen Xiaoxing. He was known the most skillful person of his generation in Chenjiagou. He inherited Chen Fakes all skills and taught people in the village. Although he really tried to keep the Chens tradition, he was killed when the Chinese Cultural Revolution occurred.

18th generation, Chen Zhaokui (1928-1981)
As the youngest son of Chen Fake, he inherited his fathers skills, especially Xinjia. Chen Zhaokui devoted his life to teaching the Chens art in Beijing, Shanghai, ZhengZhou, JiaoZuo, ShijiaZhuang, and ChenJiaGou. He taught his gongfu to Chen Xiaowang, Wang Xian, Zhu Tiancai, Chen Zhenglei, Ma Hong, Chen Lizhou, Zhang Maozhen and Zhang Qilin. His son, Chen Yu, teaches his gongfu in Beijing.

19th generation, Chen Xiaowang (1945-present)
Grandmaster Chen Xiaowang is the second son of Chen Zhaoxu. He is the representative of Chen family and Honorary Presidentof Chenjiagou Taijiquan School. He is also a president of Chen Xiaowang World Chen Taijiquan Association. He learned his family art from Chen Fake, Chen Zhaopei and Chen Zhaokui. Now he travels all over the world to teach the classical Taijiquan.

19th generation, Chen Xiaoxing (1952-present)
Grandmaster Chen Xiaoxing is the youngest son of Chen Zhaoxu and a younger brother of Chen Xiaowang. He is a president of Chenjiagou Taijiquan School. He keeps the family tradition and teaches in Chenjiagou. Recently, he visited S. Korea and USA to teach Chen Taijiquan.

19th generation, Chen Yu (1962-present)
 Master Chen Yu is the only son of Chen Zhaokui. Master Chen inherited Chen Zhaokui's all knowledge and traveled with him until he died. He teaches the Chen family art in Beijing.


20th generation Chen Bing (1971-present)
Master Chen Bing is known as the most skillful and knowledgable of a 20th generation in the Chen family. He is the only son of Chen Yinghe who was the eldest son of Chen Zhaoxu and who was the eldest brother of Chen Xiaowang and Chen Xiaoxing. He has three famous uncles of the Chen family- Chen Xiaowang, Chen Xiaoxing and Chen Yu. He started to learn Chen Taijiquan from Chen Xiaowang at age 6. He is a vice mayor of Chenjiagou and vice president of Chen jiagou Taijiquan School. He travels Korea, Japan and USA to teach Chen Taijiquan every year.

History of Chen Family Taijiquan

History of Chen Family Taijiquan

The progenitor of the Chen family was Chen Bu. He had a lot of knowledge of martial arts and other weapons. He was respected because his personality was very generous. Because of weakness of topography, the village had to be moved more secure place to avoid a flood of the Yellow River (the Hwang Ho.) A new town had a ditch that had two divides (to North and South), and people called Chenjiagou as translated "Chen family ditch" after the Chen family had an increase in population.

Now there are not many historical documents about the Chen family. However, we can see some documents from a 9th generation, Chen Wang Ting (1600-1680). There is a saying of Chen familys context; Chen Wang Ting was a warrior and a scholar who lived in the late Ming Dynasty. He was a grandmaster of martial arts and studied hard to develop his researches in his entire life. After he mastered the principles of martial arts, his knowledge was continued by generations. This made a unique heritage of the Chen family.

Chen Wangting invented Taijiquan based upon his ancestors' knowledge and his own after a lifetime of researching, developing, and experiencing martial arts. Chen Changxing (1771-1853), the 14th generation Chen Patriarch, was the first to teach Chen Taijiquan to an outsider, Yang Luchan (1799-1872). Vowing to his master to never teach Taijiquan to the public or use its name, Yang was finally taught the Chen family martial art.  He later traveled to Beijing and became known as "Yang the Invincible." True to his oath, Yang formulated his own Taijiquan form based upon Chen family Taijiquan's first form (Laojia Yilu) and became the founder of Yang Taijiquan. Another possible reason for Yang Luchan to formulate his own Taijiquan form might be due to the fact that during those days, the Yang family was employed by the Manchu rulers of the Qing Dynasty to manage the practice and teaching of war.  As Manchus were considered the oppressive foreign rulers by the people in their sovereighty (i.e. the Han people), the Yang family probably decided to teach the Manchus only the boxing form, but not the boxing methods nor its applications. Manchus were taught to be soft as cotton so they would not use Taijiquan to attack or kill. Direct Yang family members and close disciples, on the other hand, were secretly taught both the hard and soft aspects of Taijiquan.  

Yet, the soft form started to gain its popularity and gradually Taijiquan was recognized and associated with the soft form while people in Chen Village continued to practice both the soft and the hard forms. The name Taijiquan was given later possibly because this unique martial arts system was created based upon the principles and theory of Taiji (yin and yang: the cosmic dual forces), "Grand Ultimate or Extreme" - yin and yang reaching the ultimate balance and regenerating from each other.

Chen Changxing invented Taijiquan based upon the essence of Taoisms breathing, meridian pathways of Chinese medicine and theory of Yin and Yang (the cosmic dual forces.) Finally, Chen Wangting created five Taijiquan routines, a Changquan (Long Boxing) routine consisting of one hundred and eight forms, a Paocui (Cannon Fist) routine, double push hands, broadsword, straight sword, spear long spear push hand and so forth. These are the origin of Taijiquan styles.


Today there are basically two empty-hand Chen Taijiquan forms. The first form is soft and slow, also known as Yilu (First Road) whereas the second form is powerful and fast, also known as Erlu (Second Road) or Pao Chui (Cannon Fist).