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Lineage of Chen Family Taijiquan
The Seven Dragons of the 20th generation of the Chen Family
1. First Dragon, Chen Bing (1971 – present)
Only son of Chen Yonghe (older brother of Grandmaster Chen Xiaowang and Chen Xiaoxing)
2. Second Dragon, Chen Jun (1972 – present)
Eldest son of Grandmaster Chen Xiaowang
3. Third Dragon, Chen Yingjun (1976 – present)
Second son of Grandmaster Chen Xiaowang
4. Fourth Dragon, Chen Ziqiang (1977 – present)
Eldest son of Grandmaster Chen Xiaoxing
5. Fifth Dragon, Chen Zijun (1980 – present)
Youngest son of Grandmaster Chen Xiaoxing
6. Sixth Dragon, Chen Pengfei (1988 - present)
Youngest son of Grandmaster Chen Xiaoxing
7. Seventh Dragon, Chen Shiwu (1994 – present)
Only son of Master Chen Yu
From the left side, a chart of the direct descendants shows the 19rh generation master Chen Yu, 20th generation master Chen Bing, Chen Jun, Chen Yinjun, Chen Ziqiang, Chen Zijun, Chen Pengfei and Chen Shiwu. They are direct descendants of the lineage of “Chen Fake – Chen Zhaoxu” and showing outstanding abilities for the future of Chen family Taijiquan.
1st generation, Chen Bu (1368 – N/A)
Chen Bu who lived in the beginning of Ming Dynasty (Hongwu Emperor) was considered the first progenitor of Chen family as a great martial artist. After he migrated from Shanxi to Henan province, he left “Usage and control of Yin and Yang in the body” and “Digestion of food” to his sons, which his descendants could develop and create Taijiquan based upon his theories. When he was alive, he was given the name of “the almighty martial artist of the present generation” and defeated banditti of Qingfengling (Green-Wind mountain).
9th generation, Chen Wangting (1600-1680)
Chen Wangting invented Chen Taijiquan systems from his vast knowledge of past generations, other Chinese gongfu and heritage. He is considered the founder of Taijiquan that is the oldest form.
14th generation, Chen Changxing (1771-1853)
Chen Changxing who wrote three books of Taijiquan- “Ten Disciplines of Taijiquan”, “Usage and Poems of Taijiquan”, “Taijiquan Fighting”- is considered a founder of modern Taijiquan because he recreated his ancestors’ knowledge. He modified Chen Wang Ting’s curriculums in clear routines as known as Laojia Yilu and Erlu(old frame frist road and second road.) Chen Changxing is the first Chen master who taught an outsider, Yang Luchan. Yang Luchan is the founder of Yang Taijiquan.
16th generation, Chen Xin (1849-1929)
To explain his family’s knowledge to the world, Chen Xin spent 12 years to write “Explanatory Diagram of Chen Taijiquan” which consists of 4 books. By this work, Chen Taijiquan’s secret and training experiences were shown clearly. In this work, Chen Xin explains Chen Taijiquan based on “Silk Reeling Energy” by meridian pathways and a paradox. This work became one of the most important materials of Chen Taijiquan theory and he also wrote “Chen Family Genealogy” and “Three-three-six fist arts.”
17th generation, Chen Fake (1887-1957)
Chen Fake was the official representative of the 17th generation. He is called a “Quan Shen (Martial Saint).” He went to
to teach Chen Taijiquan because of
his newphew, Chen Zhaopei’s request. He taught Chen Taijiquan in Beijing during 1929-1957.
His teaching rendered great service to Chen Taijiquan's development and spread.
He had famous disciples such as Gu Liuxin, Liu Ruizhan, Tang Hao, Li Jinwu, Li
Mumin, Hong Junsheng, Feng Zhiqiang, Chen Zhaokui and Tian Xiuchen. He had two
sons and one daughter- Chen Zhaoxu, Chen Zhaokui and Chen Yuxia. In his old
age, he changed some elements and taught 83 forms as known as Xinjia Yilu and
Erlu (new frame first road and second road.) All Chen Taijiquan forms that now
we practice were from him including Laojia and Xinjia. Beijing
18th generation, Chen Zaopei (1893-1972)
Chen Zhaopei learned Laojia from Chen Fake and devoted his life to teaching and preserving the Chen’s art. He taught Laojia and Chen’s weapons to the Four Buddha’s warriors : Chen Xiaowang, Wang Xian, Zhu Tiancai and Chen Zhenglei. He wrote “Origin of Chen Taijiquan.” He is considered the most devoted master who could continue the Chen family's tradition in Chenjiagou.
18th generation Chen Zhaoxu, (1911-1960)
Chen Zhaoxu was the eldest son of grandmaster Chen Fake. He was a father of Chen Yonghe, Chen Xiaowang and Chen Xiaoxing. He was known the most skillful person of his generation in Chenjiagou. He inherited Chen Fake’s all skills and taught people in the village. Although he really tried to keep the Chen’s tradition, he was killed when the Chinese Cultural Revolution occurred.
18th generation, Chen Zhaokui (1928-1981)
As the youngest son of Chen Fake, he inherited his father’s skills, especially Xinjia. Chen Zhaokui devoted his life to teaching the Chen’s art in
and ChenJiaGou. He taught his gongfu to Chen Xiaowang, Wang Xian, Zhu Tiancai,
Chen Zhenglei, Ma Hong, Chen Lizhou, Zhang Maozhen and Zhang Qilin. His son,
Chen Yu, teaches his gongfu in ShijiaZhuang . Beijing
19th generation, Chen Xiaowang (1945-present)
Grandmaster Chen Xiaowang is the second son of Chen Zhaoxu. He is the representative of Chen family and
He is also a president of Chen Xiaowang World Chen Taijiquan Association. He
learned his family art from Chen Fake, Chen Zhaopei and Chen Zhaokui. Now he
travels all over the world to teach the classical Taijiquan. Honorary
19th generation, Chen Xiaoxing (1952-present)
Grandmaster Chen Xiaoxing is the youngest son of Chen Zhaoxu and a younger brother of Chen Xiaowang. He is a president of
He keeps the family tradition and teaches in Chenjiagou. Recently, he visited
S. Korea and Chenjiagou
to teach Chen Taijiquan. USA
19th generation, Chen Yu (1962-present)
Master Chen Yu is the only son of Chen Zhaokui. Master Chen inherited Chen Zhaokui's all knowledge and traveled with him until he died. He teaches the Chen family art in
20th generation Chen Bing (1971-present)
Master Chen Bing is known as the most skillful and knowledgable of a 20th generation in the Chen family. He is the only son of Chen Yinghe who was the eldest son of Chen Zhaoxu and who was the eldest brother of Chen Xiaowang and Chen Xiaoxing. He has three famous uncles of the Chen family- Chen Xiaowang, Chen Xiaoxing and Chen Yu. He started to learn Chen Taijiquan from Chen Xiaowang at age 6. He is a vice mayor of Chenjiagou and vice president of Chen jiagou
He travels Taijiquan School Korea, Japan and to teach Chen Taijiquan every
History of Chen Family Taijiquan
The progenitor of the Chen family was Chen Bu. He had a lot of knowledge of martial arts and other weapons. He was respected because his personality was very generous. Because of weakness of topography, the village had to be moved more secure place to avoid a flood of the Yellow River (the
A new town had a ditch that had two divides (to North and South), and people
called “Chenjiagou” as
translated "Chen family ditch" after the Chen family had an increase
Now there are not many historical documents about the Chen family. However, we can see some documents from a 9th generation, Chen Wang Ting (1600-1680). There is a saying of Chen family’s context; “Chen Wang Ting was a warrior and a scholar who lived in the late Ming Dynasty. He was a grandmaster of martial arts and studied hard to develop his researches in his entire life. After he mastered the principles of martial arts, his knowledge was continued by generations. This made a unique heritage of the Chen family.”
Yet, the soft form started to gain its popularity and gradually Taijiquan was recognized and associated with the soft form while people in
continued to practice both the soft and the hard forms. The name Taijiquan was
given later possibly because this unique martial arts system was created based
upon the principles and theory of Taiji (yin and yang: the cosmic dual forces),
"Grand Ultimate or Extreme" - yin and yang reaching the ultimate
balance and regenerating from each other. Chen Village
Chen Changxing invented Taijiquan based upon the essence of Taoism’s breathing, meridian pathways of Chinese medicine and theory of Yin and Yang (the cosmic dual forces.) Finally, Chen Wangting created five Taijiquan routines, a Changquan (Long Boxing) routine consisting of one hundred and eight forms, a Paocui (Cannon Fist) routine, double push hands, broadsword, straight sword, spear long spear push hand and so forth. These are the origin of Taijiquan styles.
Today there are basically two empty-hand Chen Taijiquan forms. The first form is soft and slow, also known as Yilu (
whereas the second form is powerful and fast, also known as Erlu ( Second Road) or Pao
Chui (Cannon Fist).